AIM Morning NEWS for Friday, June 09, 2000
BRITISH DIPLOMAT KILLED 'OVER KOSOVO ROLE'
ATHENS, Greece,June 9, 2000 (AFP)
The Greek urban guerrilla group November 17 claimed
responsibility Friday for the assassination of the British embassy
defence attache, Stephen Saunders, saying they killed the diplomat
for his role in NATO attacks on Serbia last year, police said.
The group sent its claim of the murder to the independent
leftist daily Eleftherotypia as it had often done in the past, a
police source said.
SERB LEADER ACCUSES KLA "STRUCTURES" OF ANTI-SERB VIOLENCE
KOSOVSKA MITROVICA, June 9, 2000 (Agence France Presse)
A Kosovo Serb leader, Oliver Ivanovic, said Thursday that recent
anti-Serb violence had been ordered by the command structure the
theoretically defunct Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA).
Ivanovic, who is the leader of the Serbian community in the
divided town of Kosovska Mitrovica, made his comments after a meeting
with EU security and foreign policy chief Javier Solana in the town.
"I told Mr. Solana that we were waiting for these attacks, we had
foreseen them, and that I believe KLA structures were behind them,"
The KLA was declared demilitarized by the UN in September 1999.
It was disarmed and renamed Kosovo Protection Corps, conceived as a
civilian emergency service. Serbs have said the switch was largely
Anti-Serb violence in Kosovo has been on the increase in the
past two weeks. A series of attacks left eight dead and a further
eight wounded last week, and six Serbs were injured in a grenade
attack on Tuesday.
Following the complete withdrawal of Yugoslav armed forces from
Kosovo in June 1999, UN Security Council resolution 1244 foresaw the
return of several hundred Yugoslav police and army personnel.
ANNAN CONDEMNS ANTI-SERB VIOLENCE
PRISTINA, June 9, 2000 (BBC)
UN chief Kofi Annan has condemned anti-Serb violence in Kosovo -
a year after peacekeepers were sent into the province. In a report to
the Security Council, Mr. Annan said recent vicious attacks on Serbs
and other minorities appeared to be part of an orchestrated campaign
by ethnic Albanian extremists.
He said the international community had not intervened in the
province to make it a haven for revenge and crime. His views were
echoed by the US special envoy to the Balkans, James O'Brien, who
described the killing of eight Serbs in the past week alone as
"systematic". "We believe that those responsible should be brought to
justice as soon as possible," he said.
Mr Annan said much in Kosovo had changed for the better in the
year since the Security Council authorized the Nato-led peacekeeping
force to move in. He cited the return of more than 800,000 refugees,
the reconstruction of homes and an economy which shows signs of a
vibrant recovery. But he said a recent upsurge in violence had
undermined the Serbs' confidence in the future.
THAQI AND RUGOVA CONDEMN VIOLENCE AGAINST SERBS
PRISTINA, June 9, 2000 (I-Net)
Hashim Thaqi, former leader of Liberation Army of Kosovo and
Ibrahim Rugova, President of Democratic Kosovo union condemned
yesterday the wave of violence against Serbs in the province. Thaqi
and Rugova gave announcements after conversation with James O' Brien,
special Balkans adviser of American's President, in which they call
for peace and tolerance, Reuters reports.
During the last week eight Serbs were murder in the province.
RUGOVA'S BODYGUARD KILLED IN PRISTINA
PRISTINA, June 9, 2000 (I-Net)
Dzvedet Makoli was murdered yesterday around 15:00 near the
District Court in Pristina. He was the bodyguard of one of Kosovo
Albanians' leaders, Ibrahim Rugova, according to the Pristina's
According to the eyewitnesses he was killed by members of the
extremist "Skipteri" (Eagles) group.
NEW ANTI-TERRORIST LAW ANNOUNCED SOON
BELGRADE, June 9, 2000 (BETA)
Dragoljub Jankovic, Serbian Minister of Justice, stated that the
new law against terrorism would soon be brought and estimated that it
is to be one of the world's best antiterrorist laws, Belgrade's daily
"Politika" writes today.
GERMANS EXTEND PEACEKEEPING CONTRIBUTION TO KOSOVO
BERLIN, Germany, June 9, 2000 (Deutsche welle)
The German lower house of parliament has voted by a big majority
to approve an indefinite extension of its contribution to the
peacekeeping force in the Kosovo province of Yugoslavia. Germany's
opposition conservatives have insisted on an annual renewal of the
mandate for the more than 5,000 German peacekeepers, sent in wake of
the NATO alliance war against Yugoslavia last year over Kosovo
Deputies voted to prolong the German force in Kosovo after a
debate in which both Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer and Defence
Minister Rudolf Scharping rallied broad support. Only the reformed
Communist PDS voted against the extension.
MILOSEVIC WILL 'DEFENITELY COME TO MONTENEGRO'
BELGRADE, June 9, 2000 (BETA)
FR Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milosevic will not come to
Montenegrin harbour Kumbor for the celebration of the War Navy's Day,
Zoran Zizic, President of Socialist People Party stated. "Milosevic
will definitely come to Montenegro, but not on this occasion", Zizic
said in a statement for today's edition of daily "Glas javnosti".
KOMERSANT SAYS NEW CONSTITUTION FOR MILOSEVIC
MOSCOW, Russia, June 9, 2000 (BETA)
The Moscow Komersant daily reported on June 8 that a special
group, authorized by Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, had
assembled a new Yugoslav constitution according to which the
federation, which consists of Serbia and Montenegro, would be
abolished and divided into eight cantons, and Milosevic allowed to
stay in office for 20 more years.
The paper quoted well-informed diplomatic sources as saying that
Milosevic had "secretly authorized" a group in May to draw up a new
Yugoslav constitution. The group allegedly includes presidential
advisor Vladan Kutlesic, deputy Serbian premier Ratko Markovic, and
Zoran Zizic and Srdja Bozovic from Montenegro.
The Komersant said the group met with Milosevic at his residence
at the beginning of June, giving him a draft version of the new
constitution envisaging the equality of all citizens and the division
of the country into eight cantons: Vojvodina, Belgrade, Montenegro,
Kosovo, Eastern Serbia, Southern Serbia, Western Serbia and Sumadija.
According to the Moscow daily, the new constitution would allow
Milosevic to extend his rule by 20 more years, because it makes the
Yugoslav president eligible for five five-year presidential terms.
MACEDONIA INCREASES MILITARY ON KOSOVO BORDER
SKOPJE, MACEDONIA, Wednesday, 7 June (Reuters)
Macedonia said Wednesday it was increasing its military presence
on the border with Kosovo because of recent frontier incidents and
Government spokesman Antonio Milososki said military equipment
and vehicles would be brought in, paving the way for an official
government order next week of increased military readiness. "We will
no longer tolerate any illegal crossings on the border. We must
protect our border, our citizens and provide security,'' Milososki
told reporters. "Because of this, by June 15 Macedonia will give an
official order for raised military readiness.''
Monday, Macedonia said two border guards were wounded by sniper
fire from inside Kosovo. It was the second incident in two months on
Macedonia's border with Kosovo.
In Brussels, a NATO spokesman said the alliance condemned the
attacks on Macedonian border guards and was committed to helping
Skopje strengthen security at the border. He said NATO Secretary
General George Robertson had received a letter from President Boris
Trajkovski seeking possible NATO assistance on border security
UN EXTENDS OIL-FOR-FOOD
UNITED NATIONS, June 9 (Deutsche welle)
The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved on Thursday a
six-month extension of the Iraq oil-for-food programme. The programme
allows Iraq to sell unlimited quantities of oil, under U.N.
supervision, to buy humanitarian supplies. It is intended to offset
the impact of stringent U.N. sanctions imposed when Baghdad's troops
invaded Kuwait in August 1990.
A key requirement for lifting or easing sanctions is a full
accounting by Iraq of its major weapons programmes. But U.N. arms
inspectors have not been allowed back into the country since they
left shortly before a U.S.-British bombing campaign in December 1998.
RUSSIA ATTACKS BRITAIN AND US OVER IRAQ NO-FLY ZONES
MOSCOW, Russia, June 9, 2000 (Independent)
What should have been a perfunctory extension by the Security
Council of the U.N. humanitarian program in Iraq erupted into an
acrimonious debate early Friday over the impact of sanctions and
American and British airstrikes in Iraq's no-fly zones.
Russian Ambassador Sergey Lavrov took the floor of the council
chamber three times, delivering a bristling critique of the
sanctions, the U.S. and British air patrols and the council's overall
failure to solve the Iraq crisis after 10 years.
He was joined in his criticism by the deputy Chinese ambassador
Shen Guofang, who decried the impact of the U.S. and British
airstrikes but expressed some optimism that a study authorized by the
council Thursday night would assess the humanitarian impact that the
airstrikes have caused. "These bombings have caused suffering," Shen
The debate came in a meeting to pass a British-French resolution
to keep the U.N. relief program running for another six months before
it expired at midnight.
British Ambassador Jeremy Greenstock said the no-fly zone
patrols were authorized under resolutions calling for the protection
of Iraqi minorities. And the deputy American ambassador, James
Cunningham, said it was "disingenuous" to suggest that the limited
airstrikes impact the overall humanitarian situation in Iraq.
UKRAINE ABOLISHES DEATH SENTENCE
KIEV, Ukraine, June 9, 2000 (Deutsche welle)
Ukraine's parliament has abolished the death penalty, a move the
former Soviet republic had long promised to make after joining the
Council of Europe in 1995. The council's charta excludes capital
punishment. Ukrainian parliamentarians voted 274 in favour of
abolition, with 118 abstentions and no objections.
Since 1997 Ukraine has had a moratorium on executions, and last
year its constitutional court ruled against the death penalty.
Rome city and anti-execution campaigners plan to bath the
ancient Colosseum in golden light on Friday to celebrate a decision
by the governor of the U.S. state of Maryland to spare a death row
prisoner, Eugene Colvin-El. The amphitheatre has already been
illuminated 12 times since January.
CONFLICT IN SOLOMON ISLANDS HOLDS
SYDNEY, Australia, June 9, 2000 (AFP)
A truce between warring factions in the Solomon Islands conflict
was holding Friday ahead of the arrival on Saturday of a Commonwealth
mission seeking a formula to avert civil war.
The delegation, to be led by Australian Foreign Minister
Alexander Downer, was due to leave Australia for the Solomons
capital, Honiara, on an RAAF VIP jet Friday, but its departure was
delayed for undisclosed reasons.
POLAND TO OPEN COMMUNIST-ERA SECRET FILES
WARSAW, Poland, June 9, 2000 (Reuters)
After years of heated debate, Poland removed the last hurdle on
Thursday to a scheme to open up the files of the communist-era
Parliament took the final step by appointing a chief of the
National Memory Institute, similar to the Gauck agency in former East
Germany which oversaw the unveiling of personal files held by the
Deputies had been divided for months over who should hold the
politically sensitive post, but ended their quarrels on Thursday by
electing Leon Kieres, a lawyer and independent senator. "Ten years
after the fall of communism, Poles will finally be allowed to view
files gathered on them by the SB police," said Piotr Zak, spokesman
of the ruling Solidarity bloc (AWS).
The liberal Freedom Union party (UW) quit the ruling coalition
on Tuesday but voted along with Solidarity to elect Kieres.
STUDENTS RECRUITED FOR DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST IMF
PRAGUE, Czech Republic, June 9, 2000 (CTK - Czech News Agency)
Students are allegedly offered money if they take part in
demonstrations against the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and
World Bank (WB) session to be held in Prague in September, the daily
Lidove noviny writes today, referring to Interior Ministry
spokeswoman Gabriela Bartikova. "We have received signals about
recruiting at schools. Students are even offered money for
participation in demonstrations," she tells the daily.
The recruiting takes places in schools both in Prague and
outside Prague, she adds. The Prague police, who have addressed some
grammar schools, confirmed this information. "Around 200 crowns are
allegedly offered," a grammar school deputy head, Jan Vorreth, says,
adding, however, that the police did not give a precise figure.
The IFM-WB session is to take place in Prague's Congress Centre
the last week in September. It is to be attended by about 18,000
official guests. Around 20,000 globalization opponents are expected
to arrive in Prague to take part in protest demonstrations. The
police are going to deploy 11,000 police officers to keep order in
BEWARE THE 'BADMAN'
FBI, June 9, 2000 (CBS)
The FBI will meet with experts from a security company Friday to
discuss the firm's discovery that hackers have embedded a malicious
program disguised as a movie clip on 2,000 commercial and home
computers, positioning themselves to launch an attack designed to
shut down Web sites.
Even computers at some large computer companies were penetrated
by the hackers, according to Network Security Technologies (NETSEC).
The hackers, who used the nicknames "Serbian" and "Badman," tested
their network of infected computers Wednesday night and could launch
an attack at any time, NETSEC said. The file planted by the hackers
looks like a movie clip but essentially turns the infected computer
into a "zombie" machine that the hackers can control, NETSEC said.
When the fake movie clip is activated, the malicious program called
"Serbian Badman Trojan" runs without any visible clues to the user.
The program sends passwords, network details and other information to
NETSEC said it alerted the Justice Department on Thursday about
its discovery, and provided the government a list of 2,000 computers
worldwide that have been infected with the malicious program.
Morning news edited by Nikola Stan and Vladimir Bradic
Belgrade, June 9, 200013:30